Traffic safety countermeasures for the hottest oil

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Countermeasures for driving safety of oilfield enterprises

in recent years, East China Petroleum Bureau and East China branch of China Petrochemical Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the Bureau and branch) have made certain breakthroughs in the field of conventional and unconventional oil and gas exploration and development, and the petroleum engineering market has also continued to become stronger. However, with the expansion of development scale and the complex and changeable transportation environment, many new situations and problems appear in road traffic. Taking 2010 as an example, 18 units directly under the overall situation are using about 700 motor vehicles of various types, of which special engineering vehicles (operation vehicles), dangerous goods transport vehicles, trucks, passenger and freight vehicles and on-site service vehicles account for more than 60%, and there are about 470 motor vehicle drivers. The driving range of road traffic involves Jiangsu, Jilin, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Guizhou, Anhui, Inner Mongolia and overseas, and the pressure and difficulty of traffic safety management are increasing, The traffic safety situation is severe

East China Petroleum Bureau and East China branch are subordinate to Sinopec oil field enterprises. Like many oil field brother units, their work is characterized by many points, a wide range, a long battle line, complex road traffic conditions, accompanied by roads, mountain roads, deserts, plateaus, extreme weather and other adverse environments, road traffic safety is facing great challenges, In particular, motor vehicle drivers need to master and improve the basic knowledge of driving safety under various road conditions and climatic conditions. Combined with work practice, the author summarizes the driving safety countermeasures of East China Petroleum Bureau and branch under different road conditions

driving safety in desert

driving in desert is mainly characterized by narrow desert roads, soft sand foundation, strong sandstorms, rapid road changes, and difficult driving

in view of these characteristics, the countermeasures proposed by the Bureau and branches include: drivers should study carefully and master the driving characteristics in the desert; Do a good job in vehicle maintenance, strictly abide by the relevant regulations of the Bureau and branch companies on motor vehicle safety management, adhere to the "three inspections" system, frequently inspect the safe parts of the vehicle, find problems in time, easy to learn, easy to understand, easy to operate, and take measures with parameter power loss memory; Before the vehicle starts, it should take sufficient cooling water, wooden boards, skids, jacks, shovel, wire ropes and other appliances and equipment, and the personnel should take enough dry food and drinking water; The driver should ask the passengers to sit firmly and firmly, and remind all passengers to get off and walk through the tall sand beam or unknown and dangerous road sections; When there is a drop between the left and right of the desert road, which affects the stability of the vehicle and may cause an accident, it should be leveled and passed under the condition of ensuring safety; When the driving wheel slips, stop immediately, remove the sand around the wheel, reverse the car for a distance, and then shift to the low gear to move forward at a uniform speed. In case of complex situations, you can pass after paving anti-skid debris in front of and behind the driving wheel. You must not continue to drive in situ to avoid getting deeper and deeper; When avoiding vehicles, you should choose a flat and solid meeting place, with the front of the vehicle generally facing the sand beam. When reversing, you should return along the original lane to avoid unnecessary trapping; When meeting, you should wait for the other party to avoid and stop steadily and ensure a safe distance before passing slowly; When the vehicle is approaching the top of the slope, it is necessary to control the speed of the vehicle and pay attention to observation, so as to prevent oncoming vehicles or road changes from the opposite side; When turning, the vehicle speed should be reduced and the turning radius should be increased. High speed gear should not be used in dashaliang area; Don't back up when the vehicle is leaning on the roadside. You should correct the vehicle before backing up, or find the vehicle to drag it straight before driving; In case of sandstorm, you should choose a shelter as soon as possible to stop and turn off the engine, so as to prevent the vehicle from being overturned by strong winds or sand particles from being sucked into the cylinder

driving safety on mountain and plateau

the characteristics of driving on mountain and plateau mainly include: steep slopes, narrow roads, many bends, poor road conditions, easy to collapse, easy to fall rocks, easy to slide, and poor line of sight

in view of these characteristics, the countermeasures proposed by the Bureau and branches include:

driver driving safety

drivers should master the driving characteristics of mountains and plateaus. Special physical examination and plateau disease prevention and control training shall be carried out before work; Carefully carry out vehicle maintenance, strictly abide by the relevant regulations of the Bureau and branch companies on motor vehicle safety management, frequently inspect the safety parts of vehicles, and take measures in time if problems are found; The driver should be familiar with the use of rescue equipment and communication satellites. Memorize emergency rescue and 120 first aid; The driver should take the medicine in advance according to the regulations and make a timely record of taking the medicine

vehicle safety maintenance

vehicles should be equipped with various emergency equipment (fire extinguishers, warning signs, triangle wood, shovel, crowbars, wire ropes, emergency hammers, medical first-aid kits), and should be checked regularly. At the same time, it should also be equipped with necessary dry food, drinking water, antifreeze and cold proof goods, as well as medical rescue drugs and equipment; Vehicles operating in the plateau no man's land should travel together with necessary maintenance tools, spare tires and oil; Before starting the vehicle, check the condition of safety parts in front of and behind the vehicle, under the vehicle and all parts of the vehicle

vehicle driving safety

adhere to the principle of going its own way. When driving in mountainous areas with a center line, the vehicle should keep driving right, and when going uphill, the engine power should be maintained, and it is not allowed to rush uphill. When encountering obstacles at the corners, take the initiative to stop to check whether there are passing vehicles ahead, and pass on the premise of ensuring safety and not interfering with the passage of other vehicles; When you need to drive through a bend, you should observe in advance, pass quickly on the premise of ensuring safety, and drive into the normal route. When driving on a mixed road without a divided center line, control the corresponding speed according to the road conditions; When the vehicle goes downhill, the engine drag should be used to reduce the speed, and it is not allowed to slide in neutral or shut down. When driving on long and steep roads, the engine power should be fully maintained, the braking and air pressure should be checked at any time, the operation should be standardized and the driving should be correct; When there is a meeting, choose a relatively flat and solid place in advance. When you meet on a rural road at night, you should find ammonia smell or other fault precursors, select a safe place in advance and stop in advance to avoid; When driving at night, the lighting should be kept good. When turning at a bend, observe whether there are vehicles, pedestrians and hidden obstacles at the bend and the dead corner of the light. When driving at night in rainy weather, reduce the speed; When vehicles are temporarily parked on the construction site, they should be parked in a safe area to avoid parking in places with soft foundation, easy to collapse, easy to fall rocks, etc

driving safety in rainy and snowy freezing weather

the characteristics of rainy and snowy freezing weather mainly include: slippery road surface, poor visibility, low temperature, and reduced adhesion coefficient between tire and ground in rainy and snowy freezing weather

the Countermeasures for these characteristics include:

vehicle safety maintenance

the heat preservation and antifreeze work of the vehicle should be done in advance, the sealing and warmth preservation of the vehicle should be carefully checked, whether the heating equipment operates normally and the heating effect should be checked, the antifreeze and antifreeze oil in winter should be used, and the diesel engine should use negative diesel; Regularly check the quality of brake pipeline and brake oil, and replace high-quality antifreeze brake oil in time. For vehicles with air braking, the air circuit should be checked frequently, and the accumulated water in the gas cylinder should be removed in time to prevent freezing

vehicle driving safety

reasonably arrange vehicle scheduling to avoid fatigue driving; When driving on ice and snow roads, you should control your speed and keep a safe distance. When driving in rainy, snowy and foggy weather, keep driving at a low speed due to low visibility. When driving on the road with muddy pavement, due to many pits and soft subgrade, try not to pull over or press the roadside; When encountering thick snow and slippery roads, anti slip chains should be used; When driving at night in winter, the use of lights should be standardized, and the front and rear vehicles should keep a safe distance and keep moving smoothly; Avoid parking in densely populated and prosperous areas on the way. Vehicles transporting inflammables and explosives shall be equipped with complete and effective fire-fighting facilities; When the vehicle stops driving or returns to the base, it should be checked after receiving the vehicle and repaired and maintained in time

driving safety on mixed pavement

the characteristics of mixed pavement mainly include: a variety of roads, many people and miscellaneous vehicles on the road, frequent traffic, serious traffic congestion and more violations

the Countermeasures for these characteristics include: when driving on mixed roads, drivers should be highly focused, pay attention to observation and drive carefully; On the road that divides the center line and motor vehicle lane and non motor vehicle lane, motor vehicles drive in the motor vehicle lane, and on the road that does not divide the center line and motor vehicle lane and non motor vehicle lane, motor vehicles drive in the middle; When passing the intersection without command signal, when slowing down to the vicinity of the intersection, observe the situation on the opposite side, left and right sides. If there is no traffic, accelerate to pass; If there is a car coming from the opposite side, you should choose a good intersection place; If there is traffic on the left and right, stop or speed up decisively according to the rules of giving way; When driving to the intersection and reducing the cost of purchasing parts, the car should stop outside the parking line in case of a stop signal; If there is no stop line, stop 5m away from the intersection, and observe the surrounding traffic flow and signal changes to prepare for starting. When turning left, try to drive close to the center line. When turning right, observe the dynamics of non motor vehicles on the right to pass safely; Enter the town or pass the performance test of busy streets, villages and tapes: when going to school, reduce the speed and drive according to the speed limit

traffic safety on the roads of the oil field well pad

the main characteristics of the roads of the oil field well pad include: the roads of the oil field well pad are narrow, potholes, soft ground and many obstacles

countermeasures against these characteristics include:

safety preparation before departure

before departure, you should first survey the site (wharf, bridge, culvert, village, school, overhead line and other facilities) and choose a suitable route; Observe the road surface of the well pad and formulate a driving plan

traffic safety in the well pad

when entering the well pad, you should confirm the bearing capacity of the bridge; When entering the well pad through villages and schools, reduce the speed and pay attention to the pedestrians; When passing through the overhead line, a certain safety distance shall be ensured; When entering the well pad through the wharf, it shall be implemented in accordance with the safety management system for water vessel transportation of the Bureau and the branch company; The goods of vehicles entering the well pad shall be bound firmly; When driving in the well pad, the speed should be controlled and drive slowly; Vehicles should avoid driving on the roadside when driving in the well pad. When meeting at the well pad, the meeting point should be selected, and the empty car gives way to the loaded car; When parking at the well pad, it should be parked at the location designated by the grass-roots team; When the roads in the well pad are muddy and waterlogged, measures should be taken to prevent sideslip; Vehicles should not drive uphill or downhill in rainy and snowy weather. If it is necessary to enter the well pad, it should be approved by the leaders and corresponding safety precautions should be taken before entering; When there is a lot of dust in the well pad, the speed should be controlled to prevent dust from blocking the line of sight and affecting driving safety

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