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South Korea: formulate laws and regulations to limit packaging

in order to reduce the use of packaging materials, the South Korean government has taken a series of legal, administrative and economic measures, and achieved remarkable results, which is very worthy of reference and reference in the relevant legislation of our country

in the 1980s, the excessive use of packaging materials in South Korea was once very serious. All kinds of packaging tend to be extravagant, transportation packaging uses more light packaging such as corrugated cardboard boxes, and plastic packaging is also widely used. The excessive packaging in South Korea is the result of commercialization and profit pursuit. The rapid increase of packaging waste not only wastes resources, but also causes serious environmental pollution

in 1992, the Ministry of environment of South Korea launched the "waste prepayment system", which stipulated that manufacturers should prepay part of the funds according to the quantity of product packaging such as metal cans, glass bottles, cartons and so on, and return the prepayment according to the proportion of packaging waste recycling. In 2000, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea tried to sign an agreement on emission limitation between environmental protection departments and production enterprises to reduce waste emissions and prepare for the implementation of the system that producers are responsible for recycling waste. In January, 2003, the Korean government officially began to implement the "producer reuse system". Before the implementation of this system, producers and operators will selectively reuse packaging waste, that is, only recycle waste that is easy to recycle, and bury or destroy waste that is not easy to recycle as garbage. The implementation of the "producer recycling system" is to add a large flow servo valve system for the recycling of packaging waste to the producers, who are responsible for the recycling of packaging waste, such as synthetic resin packaging materials, instant noodle boxes and plastic trays for inner packaging. It is a kind of equipment used to test the fatigue performance of metal and alloy materials under specific environments, such as tension compression, tension compression alternating load, zigzag change and so on

according to the above laws, rules, administrative decrees and decisions, South Korea has taken measures to prohibit or reduce the use of packaging materials made of plastic materials. Since September, 1993, it has been forbidden to use foamed plastics as packaging materials or make toys. Since 2001, it has been forbidden to use PVC foams and sprayed PVC materials for packaging. Since January, 2004, it has been forbidden to use PVC for the packaging of eggs, fried foods, hamburgers, sandwiches and other foods. Since January 2003, five kinds of plastic packaging materials used as trays for eggs, fruits, other agricultural, livestock and aquatic products and shockproof materials for household appliances have been reduced year by year, and the consumption standards have been published every year to reduce the use year by year. Since January, 2004, the use of foamed materials (EPS) as shock proof packaging for 81 kinds of products with a packaging volume of less than 20000 cubic centimeters, such as audio, video and office appliances, has been completely prohibited

in addition to restrictions on packaging materials, there are mainly three types of reactions: the relevant regulations in South Korea mainly focus on controlling excessive packaging, and the specific contents are as follows: packaging. The main way to control excessive packaging is to limit the packaging space (referring to the space between the product's use and packaging) and multi-layer packaging

for products under the restrictions of packaging space and packaging level, South Korea adopts the method of joint supervision and implementation by the government, professional institutions and the masses. One of the Korea environment commune, the production environment testing institute and the environmental inspection association is responsible for inspecting and testing the packaging space and packaging level of relevant products, while the environmental protection departments of local governments are responsible for the management and supervision. Production enterprises and commercial enterprises found to violate the provisions of packaging space and packaging level will be fined less than 3million won (about 1110 won, equivalent to 1 US dollar) depending on the situation. Consumers and users can report and expose the cases of production enterprises and commercial enterprises violating the packaging space and packaging level. After approval, the relevant departments will also impose a fine of less than 3million won, and give certain rewards to the informants. Officials from the South Korean Ministry of environment believe that the joint supervision of the government and the masses is a good way to prevent excessive packaging. If one case of excessive packaging is found, it will be punished together; If a product is found, a product will be punished

the South Korean government has achieved remarkable results in taking measures to limit excessive packaging and emissions, including packaging waste. According to the relevant statistics of the Korean government, the total amount of domestic waste, including packaging waste, has decreased by about 20% in the 10 years since the Korean government began to take measures to limit waste discharge in 1993. The recycling rate of domestic waste increased from 13% in 1993 to 44%. By 2008, the recycling rate of domestic waste in South Korea will increase to 50%

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